Your blog / posting concerning subrogation was most informative. It leads me to a question, if you don’t mind.
My client is receiving $12,000; $3,000 of that is medical subrogated by BCBS. In her Chapter 7 bankruptcy (now discharged) she listed the possible PI claim as exempt property to the maximum we could exempt (about $20,000).
Although we never listed BCBS as a creditor, case law holds that in a no-asset Ch 7, creditors who were not noticed are discharged. (I have a lovely 5th Cir opinion on that.)
This brings me to my question. You wrote:
They can treat the subrogation carriers as creditors in a Ch 7 or a Ch 11; provided however, they put the settlement money into the estate.
“Into the estate” gives rise to my question: does that mean she cannot exempt the medical subrogation money? Is this over and above that $20,000 already “in the estate” and exempted? It would seem that she has already put all possible money into the estate by claiming the $20,000 exemption.
I really appreciate your help and thank you in advance.
Where you have listed the settlement proceeds on Schedule B and exempted it on Schedule C, my position is that provided the $12,000 represents your client’s gross settlement proceeds, you have already included the amount held back for medical subrogation.
If not, what is the client’s gross settlement amount, as that could bear on a determination whether the client identified the assets as belonging to the bankruptcy (Ch 7) estate. If it turns out that combined, the $3,000 subrogation amount is included as part of the exempt amount, I would feel comfortable paying BCBS out of the settlement proceeds exempted from the bankruptcy estate, if there is a contractual requirement to do so (outside of the bankruptcy context).
Sylvius von Saucken